How Does One Become Diabetic ?

By Prev Info - October 17, 2022


According to the United Nations website, More than 422 million people have diabetes. It's no wonder that the prevalence of diabetes is a concern.

Diabetes is a chronic disease that makes it difficult to turn food into energy. When you digest food, your body breaks it down into sugar. The sugar moves into the blood cells to provide needed energy. Insulin is necessary to let the sugar into the cells. Type 1 diabetics do not produce any insulin. Type 2 diabetics do not produce enough insulin, or the body does not use the insulin effectively.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes, once known as juvenile onset diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, may be the result of genetics. Other causes are unknown. Type 2 diabetes, once known as adult onset or non-insulin-dependent diabetes, is the most common diabetes. It affects 90 to 95 percent of the population. Type 2 diabetes is increasing dramatically in the United States. It usually occurs in adults over the age of 40. However, it is now occurring in children.

Type 2 diabetes can be genetic. If you have a sibling or a parent with diabetes, you have a 10 to 15 percent chance of developing the disease. If you are African-American, Hispanic, Native American, or Pan-Asian, you are more likely to develop the disease. However, genetics is not the reason for the increase of Type 2 diabetes. Lifestyle is an important factor. Type 2 diabetes is more likely to develop in people who are obese or who eat diets high in sugar and fat. Those who do not exercise are more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes.


You can control Type 2 diabetes, and you may be able to prevent it. Diet, exercise, and weight control are the main factors for controlling the disease.  "The more fatty tissue you have, the more resistant your cells become to insulin." It is important to maintain a healthy weight to control the disease or to prevent the disease. Inactivity is another risk factor. Physical activity causes your body to use glucose or sugar to give you energy. In turn, your cells become more sensitive to insulin. This sensitivity gives your cells more ability to take in the glucose or sugar, so it doesn't stay in the bloodstream. 

Age is another concern. As people age, they tend to exercise less and have more difficulty losing weight. Diet becomes an important preventive to the disease. Diets high in fiber, low in fat and low in calories are necessary for the diabetic or anyone who is prone to diabetes.

Symptoms of Becoming a Diabetic

Diabetes is an autoimmune disorder in which the body does not properly regulate sugars. There are two types of diabetes: In Type 2 diabetes, the body attacks its own insulin-producing cells. With Type 2, sometimes called adult-onset diabetes, the body produces insulin, but does not regulate it properly. Symptoms of both types are similar, and it's important to have a doctor check your symptoms, because untreated diabetes can cause serious complications.

Weight Loss

Weight loss that cannot be attributed to a change in diet or exercise routine may be a sign that you are diabetic.

Frequent Urination

One symptom of diabetes that many people experience is a drastic increase in urination.

Hunger and Thirst

If you are suddenly always hungry and/or thirsty, it could be a sign you are a diabetic.

Vision Changes

Some diabetics experience blurry or distorted vision prior to diagnosis and treatment.


If you find are extremely tired and weak, it may be a sign of diabetes.


If you have a sibling or parent with diabetes, you need to have your blood checked periodically for sugar levels. If you are constantly thirsty, tired, have blurred vision, cuts that do not heal, infections that do not clear up or frequent urination, see your doctor. If you eat high-fat food, processed foods and high amounts of sugar, change your diet. If you don't exercise, consider a minimum of 150 minutes of exercise a week. If you are overweight, lose weight.

Cholesterol & Diabetic Diet

The diet for diabetics and those with high cholesterol have many things in common. The goal for diabetics is to manage their blood sugar, and for people with high cholesterol to manage the amount of cholesterol they consume. According to the American Heart Association, people with diabetes are more likely to have issues with high cholesterol. Eating a diet low in saturated fat, trans fat and cholesterol can be helpful in treating both problems.

Low-Fat Foods healthy produce

Fruits and vegetables contain little or no fat of any kind, and are highly nutritious foods, containing many vitamins and minerals. Diabetics should limit their intake of bananas, sweet potatoes, avocados, peas, corn and some squash as they are high in carbohydrates. The best protein choices are chicken breasts, turkey breasts and most fish. Broiling, baking and steaming are the best methods of cooking for both diabetics and those with high cholesterol.

Benefits of a Vegetarian Diet

According to  the Mayo Clinic, eating a vegetarian diet will not cure diabetes but it will help regulate sugar, offer protection for the heart and help manage weight. Since a vegetarian diet is totally lacking in cholesterol it can also help regulate blood cholesterol. It is important to make wise choices from high-fiber carbohydrates, and to consume sugar products only as a special treat. Diabetics and those with high cholesterol who manage their weight have a lower risk for heart disease.

Foods to Avoid

Most shellfish are high in cholesterol and sodium, and should be eaten minimally. Fatty meats such as steak, and lamb, though they contain many vitamins, are not good for diabetes or for cholesterol levels. Frying foods in any kind of oil should also be avoided. The dessert tray--cream puffs, pies, tortes and ice cream sundaes--should be succumbed to only on rare special occasions.

Benefits of Diet & Exercise for Type II Diabetes

Type II Diabetes is caused by obesity, poor diet and fitness habits or family history. Daily exercise and a healthy diet benefit diabetics by promoting overall health through weight control, sugar maintenance, increased circulation and neurological health.


Exercise promotes muscle growth and decreases high sugar levels by converting stored sugar in the bloodstream into energy needed for active muscle exertion, allowing levels to stay within the normal range.


Aerobic exercises require movement of the limbs, which increases blood circulation throughout the body so that nerve fibers, blood vessels and cells receive oxygen needed for the prevention or improvement of diabetic neuropathy conditions.


High-fiber diets are low in calories and fat content. Foods such as whole grains, corn, beans, vegetables and fruit pass easily through the digestive system and reduce caloric intake. Fitness further reduces the amount of stored calories within the body, turning fat into muscle, so that weight loss can occur and normal body mass can be maintained.


Counting carbohydrates for a healthy intake helps Type II diabetics control the amount of sugar that enters the bloodstream through food consumption. Exercise works to stimulate insulin sensitivity needed for the breakdown of these sugars so that high levels of glucose do not accumulate to cause free radical damage to cells and organs.


Physical activity releases chemical endorphins that satiate sugar cravings by suppressing the appetite, and enhance feelings of happiness that combat depression and anxiety symptoms of Type II Diabetes. This provides diabetics with more control over their diet and caloric intake, so that low-calorie, low-fat meal plans can support and stimulate daily exercise through nutrients, vitamins and minerals provided by a healthy diet.

Exercises That Benefit the Integumentary System

Healthy skin is a sign of good overall health.

Aging, pregnancy, weight gain or loss, hormone fluctuations, and certain medical conditions can change the condition of the body's largest organ, the skin. Collectively known as the integumentary system, skin and its hair, nails, follicles, and glands, make up 12 to 15 percent of a body's total weight. Exercises made for the integumentary system help restore its once-youthful tautness and health.

Exercise Benefits

Exercise is good for the entire body, even the skin. Regular exercise creates more sweat, which keeps pores flushed and unclogged, especially when there's plenty of hydration in the body to keep toxins moving out through the skin. That's one reason why drinking plenty of water is important during exercise. Pollutants from the environment, smoking, or eating junk food enter the body and those toxins affect the integumentary system as well. Aerobic exercise, combined with proper hydration and nutrition, helps flush those toxins.

Exercises to Reduce Cellulite

Exercises that pull and stretch the muscles help dissolve cellulite, the puckering pockets of fat that forms on thighs and other parts of the body. Exercises such as pilates, yoga, or weight-lifting build lean muscle, burn fat and tighten the skin's connective tissues, all of which reduce the appearance of cellulite. Stretching the muscles helps the skin attached to them appear firmer as well.

Exercises for Facial Skin

All exercises that benefit the integumentary system will indirectly benefit the look of facial skin, and help reverse the aging process. This includes muscle toning and aerobic exercise for the body, but exercises geared specifically to tone facial muscles are a gimmick. Experts believe that any devices designed for exercising facial muscles give temporary results at best, and may actually cause more wrinkles in the long run.

In general, eating a healthy diet, drinking plenty of water, and performing aerobic and muscle-toning and -stretching exercises give the entire integumentary system what it needs, helping skin look healthier, less acne-prone, firmer, and younger. There are no shortcuts to better health or healthier skin.

What Is the Effect of Alcohol on Diabetes?

Diabetes is a medical condition in which the person has extremely high blood glucose (blood sugar) levels. This can be caused by his inability to produce insulin, as in type 1 diabetes, or his body's inadequate production or inefficient use of insulin, as in type 2 diabetes. A person who has diabetes must be very careful to control his blood sugar levels, through the use of insulin and careful eating .


In daily activity, the liver is responsible for adding glucose to the blood as needed, when the blood sugar begins to get low. Exercise and fasting are both common reasons for lowered blood sugar. Diabetics can also be prone to low blood sugar due to incorrect dosages of insulin. When alcohol enters the system, however, the liver becomes unable to add additional glucose, since it is filtering alcohol from the bloodstream. Unless the diabetic eats something, or takes a glucose tablet, her blood sugar can get extremely low.

Liver Function

The liver is damaged by frequent and heavy drinking. This type of drinking can result in a condition in which working liver tissue is replaced by scar tissue. This scarring of the liver is called cirrhosis, and it interferes with the liver's necessary functions, particularly its part in regulating blood sugar levels.

Poor Control

Alcohol's effects on the blood sugar can affect the ability of a diabetic to manage his diabetes effectively. Extreme blood sugar lows require intervention with glucose, which forces the blood sugar to extreme highs. Extreme high blood sugar levels require insulin, to bring the blood sugar to normal levels. These extremes can make it difficult for a diabetic to maintain a normal blood sugar level.

Weight Gain

Alcohol can cause weight gain in diabetics, due to the fact that it adds empty calories to their diet. Diabetes is managed more easily in a person who is a healthy weight. When a diabetic drinks regularly, she may have trouble keeping the weight off, which will cause ongoing blood sugar problems.

Nerve Damage

The American Diabetic Association recommends that any diabetic with nerve damage avoid consuming alcohol entirely. Alcohol, which the human body reacts to as a poison, is particularly dangerous for the nerves. Even infrequent drinking can increase all of the symptoms associated with nerve damage for a diabetic, including pain and numbness in the extremities.

Why No Alcohol With Diabetes Medication?

Physicians advise diabetics to avoid drinking alcohol due to its impact on blood pressure levels, liver and circulatory functioning. Alcohol can also have adverse effects on diabetes medications, causing blood sugar levels to fluctuate at alarming rates.To maintain control over the condition, diabetics should avoid consuming alcohol when taking diabetes medication.


Diabetes is a chronic illness that causes numerous health problems. The condition is characterized by the body's inability to produce sufficient insulin that is used to fuel the body. If not properly treated, diabetes can have adverse effects on the body's circulatory functioning. The condition damages the veins and constricts blood flow to the limbs of the body. Circulatory functioning also causes eye disease and high blood pressure. All of these factors combine to put diabetics at risk of developing severe health problems.

Alcohol and Diabetes

Diabetics are often cautioned about drinking alcohol since it can result in hyperglycemia, where blood sugar levels are higher than normal, or hypoglycemia, where blood sugar levels are lower than normal. The overall effects of alcohol are dependent on the diabetic's level of nutrition. In other words, consuming alcohol makes a diabetic that has proper nutrition develop hyperglycemia, while a diabetic with poor nutrition will develop hypoglycemia. Regardless, both conditions can cause serious health problems.

Alcohol impacts the liver's ability to regulate the body's blood sugar levels. Therefore, whenever the body's blood sugar levels fall, the liver releases stored sugar to stabilize blood sugar. Alcohol also causes the blood pressure to spike; therefore, diabetics with high blood pressure should refrain from drinking.